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Department of Biological Sciences

  Climate Change Ecology Group

 

LESLEY HUGHES

Distinguished Professor

Tel: +61 2 9850 8195

Fax: +61 2 9850 8245

E-mail: lesley.hughes[at]mq.edu.au

Research

Impacts of climate change on species and natural ecosystems

Understanding the observed and potential impacts of climate change on species and ecosystems is one of the most serious and challenging environmental issue we face. The main strength of my research in this area has been to integrate a number of different methods, from small-scale field and laboratory manipulations, to computer modeling of potential impacts on hundreds of species.  This research interest has led to work focused on the implications of climate change on the applied issues of land management and conservation policy in Australia and elsewhere.

 
Science communication

My work with the Climate Commission, Climate Council and other bodies has led to a great interest in the way in which science, and in particular, climate change science, is communicated to the public and to policy makers, and how this might be improved.

Service

International scientific community

  • Lead Author on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth & Fifth Assessment Reports (AR4 & AR5), Working Group II
  • Australian Representative on the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) Ad Hoc Technical Expert Group (AHTEG) on Biodiversity and Climate Change (appointed October 2008)
  • Contributing Author, Working Group II, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (2004-2007), Chapt. 4 Ecosystems
  • Expert Reviewer, Working Group II, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (2004-2007)
  • Australian representative: Working party to draft guidelines on response of Red List species to climate change, IUCN (International Union for the Conservation of Nature), London, Feb 2003
  • Appointed member of the IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas (2005-)Invited Reviewer, draft report on “Interlinkages between Biological Diversity and Climate Change and Advice on the Integration of Biodiversity Considerations into the Implementation of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) and its Kyoto Protocol), Convention on Biological Diversity Secretariat, May 2003

National scientific community

  • Board member, Governor, and member of Eminent Scientists Group, WWF Australia (2013-)
  • Board member, One Million Women, http://www.1millionwomen.com.au/who-we-are/
  • Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) Australian Representative Advisory Committee (2012)
  • Appointed member, federal Land Sector Carbon & Biodiversity Board (2011-2012)
  • Appointed member of federal Climate Commission (Feb 2010-2013)
  • Member, Wentworth Group of Concerned Scientists (2011-) http://wentworthgroup.org/members/
  • Reviewer, State of the Environment Report 2011
  • Co-convenor, Terrestrial Biodiversity Adaptation Research Network for National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility (NCCARF) (2008-present)
  • Founding member, Climate Scientists Australia (2009 -) (www.climatescientistsaustralia.org.au/)
  • Chair, drafting team for the National Adaptation Plan for Terrestrial Biodiversity, NCCARF (2009-2010)
  • Appointed member, Botanic Gardens Trust (2008-2011) and Chair of the Scientific Committee of the Trust (2008 -)
  • Member of review panel, CSIRO Division of Entomology research program (February 2010)
  • NSW Scientific Committee (2003-2006), Deputy Chair 2003-2004, Chair 2005-2008
  • Biological Impacts node leader and co-convenor, ARC Network for Earth System Science (2005- present)
  • Appointed member Expert Advisory Group on Climate Change and Biodiversity, Australian Greenhouse Office (2007- 2009)
  • Appointed member, NSW Dept. of Environment, Climate Change and Water (DECCW), Climate Change Science Research Network (2008-)
  • Appointed member, management committee, National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility (NCCARF) (2007-2013)
  • Consultant to World Wildlife Fund Climate Witness program (2007)
  • Appointed member, Scientific Advisory Committee, World Wildlife Fund (2008-2009)
  • Summiteer, Prime Minister’s 2020 Summit, “Population, sustainability, climate change and the future of our cities’ group (April 2008)
  • Member, Climate Watch Science Advisory Panel, Earthwatch (2007-present)
  • Judge, Global Enterprise Challenge (June 2008)
  • Reviewer, NSW State of the Environment Report 2006
  • Member, Sydney Metropolitan Catchment Authority Advisory Board (2006-2009)
  • Reviewer, Dept. of Environment and Conservation Climate Change Adaptation Policy 2006
  • Co-convenor of workshop on Climate Change and Biodiversity, Canberra, October 2002, sponsored by the Biological Diversity Advisory Committee. Co-author and editor of workshop              report (2003)
  • Scientific Editor 2004: National Biodiversity and Climate Change Action Plan (2003-2007)
  • Reviewer, Consultation Paper: “Developing a National Biodiversity and Climate Change Action Plan”, NRM Ministerial Councils’ Land, Water and Biodiversity Committee, Oct 2003.
  • Consultant: Community Biodiversity Network for Nomination of “Anthropogenic Climate Change as a Key Threatening Process” under the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995.
  • Invited participant, QLD Climate Change Summit, August 2003, involved in drafting report to QLD government on climate change impacts and policy.
  • Reviewer, Consultation Paper: “Developing a National Biodiversity and Climate Change Action Plan”, NRM Ministerial Councils’ Land, Water and Biodiversity Committee, Oct 2003.
  • Australian Research Council Reader (2001-2003)


 Selected Publications (Current - 2009)

Referred Journal Papers

Harvey KJ, Nipperess DA, Britton DR, & Hughes L. Can phylogenetic relationship within a genus indicate the likelihood of enemy release of an invader? In Review (Austral Ecology)

Nipperess D A, Beattie A J, Faith D P, Kitching R L & Hughes L. Surrogates for turnover among hemipteran assemblages: phylogeny of habitat-plants is as important as geographic distance. In Review (Diversity & Distributions)

Cabrelli A, Hughes L. A novel framework for assessing the vulnerability of species to climate change: a case study of the Australian elapid snakes. In Press Biodiversity & Conservation 23:3019-3034

Beaumont LJ, Gallagher RV, Leishman MR, Hughes L, Downey PO (2014) How can knowledge of the climatic niche inform the weed risk assessment process? A case study of Chrysanthemoides monilifera in Australia. Diversity & Distributions 20: 613-625

Nooten S, Hughes L. (2014) Potential impacts of climate change on patterns of insect herbivory on understorey plant species: a transplant experiment. Austral Ecology 39:668-676

Hancock N, Hughes L (2014) Turing up the heat on the provenance debate: testing the “local is best” paradigm under heatwave conditions. Austral Ecology 39:600-611

Moir M, Hughes L, Vesk PA, Leng MC Which host-dependent insects are most prone to coextinction under changed climates? (2014) Ecology & Evolution 4:1295-1312

Bush A, Nipperess DA, Theisinger G, Turak E, Hughes L (2014) Testing for taxonomic bias in the future diversity of Australian Odonata. Diversity and Distributions 20:1016-1281

Bush A, Hermoso V, Linke S, Nipperess D, Turak E, Hughes L (2014) Freshwater Conservation planning under climate change Journal of Applied Ecology 51:1273-1281

Beaumont LJ, Gallagher RV, Leishman MR, Hughes L & Downey PO (2014) Understanding the effect of climate niche shifts on invasion potential and the implications for weed risk assessment: a case-study of Chrysanthemoides monilifera in Australia. Diversity and Distributions 20:613-625

Nooten, S, Andrew N, Hughes L (2014) Potential impacts of climate change on insect communities: a transplant experiment PLoS ONE 9 Article e85987

Bush AA, Nipperess DA, Duursma DE, Theischinger G, Turak E, Hughes L (2014) Continental-scale assessment of risk to the Australian Odonata from climate change PLOS ONE 9 Article e88958

Nooten S, Hughes L (2013) Patterns of insect herbivory on four understory Australian plant species. Australian Journal of Entomology 52: 309-314.

Gallagher RV, Englert Duursma D, O’Donnell J, Wilson PD, Downey PO, Hughes L, Leishman MR (2013) The grass may not always be greener: projected reductions in climatic suitability for exotic grasses under future climates in Australia. Biological Invasions 15:961-975 DOI 10.1007/s10530-012-0342-6

Harvey KJ, Nipperess DA, Britton DR & Hughes L. (2013) Does time since introduction influence enemy release of an invasive weed? Oecologia 173:493-506

Chambers LE, Altwegg, R, Barbraud C, Barnard P, Beaumont LJ, Crawford RJM, Durant JM, Hughes L, Keatley MR, Low M, Morellato PC, Poloczanska ES, Ruoppolo V, Vanstreels RET, Woehler EJ, Wolfaardt AC (2013) Phenological Changes in the Southern Hemisphere. PLOS ONE 8(10): e75514. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0075514

Harris, R, McQuillan P & Hughes L (2013) Experimental manipulation of melanism demonstrates the plasticity of preferred temperature in an agricultural pest (Phaulacridium vittatum). PLOS ONE doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0080243

Gallagher RV, Hughes L, Leishman ML. (2013) Species loss and gain in communities under future climate change: consequences for functional diversity. Ecography 36:531-540

Hughes L & Steffen W (2013) Climate change in Victoria: trends, predictions & impacts. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 125:5-13

Duursma DE, Gallagher RV, Roger E, Hughes L, Downey PO, Leishman MR Next-generation invaders? (2013) Naturalised sleeper weeds in Australia under future climates. PLOS ONE 8 Article no. e84222

Bush A, Theischinger G, Nipperess D, Turak E & Hughes L (2013) Dragonflies, climate canaries for river management. Diversity & Distributions 19: 86-97

Hancock N, Leishman MR, Hughes L.  (2013) Testing the “local provenance” paradigm: a common garden experiment in Cumberland Plain Woodland, Sydney, Australia Restoration Ecology 21: 569-577

Moir ML, Vesk PA, Brennan KFC, Hughes L, Keith DA, McCarthy MA, Coates DJ, Barrett S. (2012) A preliminary assessment of changes in plant-dwelling insects when threatened plants are translocated. Journal of Insect Conservation 16: 367-377

Nipperess DA, Beattie AJ, Faith DP, Ginn SG, Kitching RL, Reid CAM, Russell T, Hughes L (2012) Plant phylogeny as a surrogate for turnover in beetle assemblages Biodiversity Conservation 21:323-342

Harris, R, McQuillan P, Hughes L (2012) Patterns in body size and melanism along a latitudinal climate in the wingless grasshopper, Phaulacridium vittatum. Journal of Biogeography 39: 1450-1461 

O’Donnell, J., Gallagher, R. V., Wilson, P. D., Downey, P. O., Hughes, L. & Leishman, M. R. (2012) Invasion hotspots for non‚Äźnative plants in Australia under climate change. Global Change Biology 18: 617-629

Hughes L. Can Australian biodiversity adapt to climate change? (2012) In Wildlife and Climate Change: towards robust conservation strategies for Australian fauna (D. Lunney & P Hutchings eds.) pp8-10, Royal Zoological Society of NSW, Mosman NSW, Australia

HarveyKJ, NipperessDA, BrittonDR, HughesL.  (2012) Australian family ties: does a lack of relatives help invasive plants succeed? Biological Invasions 14: 2423-2434

Bush A, Nipperess D, Turak E, Hughes L. (2012) Determining vulnerability of stream communities to climate change at the landscape scale. Freshwater Biology 57: 1689-1701

Moir ML, Vesk PA, Brennan KEC, Poulin R, Hughes L, Keith DA, McCarthy MA, & Coates DJ (2012) Considering extinction of dependent species during translocation, ex situ conservation, and assisted migration of threatened hosts. Conservation Biology 26: 199-207

Hancock N & Hughes L How far is it to your local? (2012) A survey on local provenance use in New South Wales.  Ecological Management & Restoration 13: 259-266

Harris, R, McQuillan P & Hughes L (2012) A test of the thermal melanism hypothesis in the wingless grasshopper, Phaulacridium vittatum. Journal of Insect Science 13:1-18

Hughes L. (2011) Climate change and Australia: Key vulnerable regions. Regional Environmental Change 11: 189-195

Moir ML, Vesk PA, Brennan KEC, Keith DA, Mccarthy MA, Hughes L (2011) Identifying and managing threatened invertebrates through assessment of coextinction risk. Conservation Biology 25: 787-796

Sinclair R, Hughes L. (2010) Leaf Miners: The Hidden Herbivores. Austral Ecology 35: 300-313

LindenmayerDB, SteffenW, BurbidgeAA, HughesL, KitchingR, MusgraveW, Stafford SmithM, and WernerP. (2010) Conservation strategies in response to rapid climate change: Australia as a case study. Biological Conservation 143: 1587-1593

Roubicek AJ, Van Der Wal J, Beaumont LJ, Pitman AJ, Wilson P, Hughes L (2010) Does the choice of climate baseline matter in ecological niche modelling? Ecological Modelling 221: 2280-2286

Gallagher RV, Beaumont LJ, Hughes L & Leishman MR. (2010)Evidence for climatic niche shifts between native and novel ranges in exotic plant species. Journal of Ecology 98:790-799

MoirML, VeskPA, BrennanKEC, KeithDA, HughesL, McCarthyMA (2010) Current constraints and future directions in estimating coextinction. Conservation biology 24: 682-690

Gallagher, R.V., Hughes, L., Leishman, M.R. & Wilson, P.O. (2010) Predicted impact of exotic vines on an endangered ecological community under future climate change. Biological Invasions 12: SI 4049-4063

Morton SR, Hoegh-Guldberg O, Lindenmayer DB, Harriss Olson M, Hughes L, McCulloch MT. McIntyre S, Nix HA, Prober SM, Saunders DA, Andersen AN, Burgman MA, Lefroy EC, Lonsdale WM, Lowe I,  McMichael AJ, Parslow JS, Steffen W, Williams JE, Woinarski JCZ  (2009) The big ecological questions inhibiting effective environmental management in Australia. Austral Ecology 34, 1-9

Gallagher  RV, HughesL & LeishmanMR (2009) Phenological trends among Australian alpine species: using herbarium records to identify climate change indicators Australian Journal of Botany 57: 1-9

Kingsford RT, Watson JEM, Lundquist, C J, Venter O, Hughes L, Johnston EL, Atherton J, Gawel M, Keith DA, Mackey BG, Morley C, Possingham HP, Raynor B, Recher H F, Wilson KA. (2009) Major conservation policy issues for biodiversity in Oceania, Melanesia, Micronesia, New Zealand and Polynesia Conservation Biology 23: 834-840.

Beaumont LJ, Gallagher RV, Downey PO, Thuiller W, Leishman MR,, Hughes L. (2009) Different climatic envelopes among invasive populations may lead to underestimations of current and future biological invasions. Diversity and Distributions 15: 409-420

Keith DA, Orscheg C, Simpson CC, Clarke PJ, Hughes L, Kennelly SJ, Major RE, Soderquist TR, Wilson AL, Bedward M.(2009)A new approach and case study fro estimating extent and rates of habitat loss for ecological communities. Biological Conservation 142: 1469-1479

Hughes L. (2009) The NSW Scientific Committee: assessment procedures and independence. Ecological Management and Restoration 10 (S1) S140-S142

Wilson, PD, Downey PO, Leishman M, Gallagher R, Hughes L, O’Donnell J (2009) Weeds in a warmer world: predicting the impact of climate change on Australia's alien plant species using MaxEnt. Plant Protection Quarterly 24: 84-97

Beaumont LJ, Gallagher RV, Downey PO, Thuiller W, Leishman MR, Hughes L (2009) Modelling the impact of Hieracium species on protected areas in Australia under future climate. Ecography 32: 757-764

 Book Sections & Chapters

Hughes L 10 things to do about climate change. In Ten Commitments Revisited: Securing Australia’s Environment. (Lindenmayer D, Dovers S, Morton S eds) Second Edition. CSIRO Publishing, Canberra, pp217-226

Cabrelli A, Beaumont L, Hughes L. The Impacts of Climate Change on Australian and New Zealand Flora and Fauna. In Austral Ark (Stow A ed) (in press)

Reisinger A, Kitching RL, Chiew F, Hughes L, Newton PCD, Schuster SS, Tait A, Whetton P (2014) Australasia. In: Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Part B: Regional Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Barros, V.R., C.B. Field, D.J. Dokken, et al. (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, pp. 1371-1438

Contributing author to Cramer W, Yohe GW, Auffhammer M et al. (2014) Detection and attribution of observed impacts. In: Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Part A: Global and Sectoral Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Field, C.B., V.R. Barros, et al. (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, pp. 979-1037.

Hughes L Climate change impacts on species interactions: assessing the threat of cascading extinctions (2012)In: Saving a Million Species (ed. Hannah L) Island Press pp337-360

Hughes L (2013)Australian terrestrial biodiversity over 4 degrees. In: Four degrees of global warming: Australia in a hot world. (PA Cristoff ed.), Routledge, London and New York, pp 63-83

Steffen W, Burbidge A, Hughes L, Kitching R, Lindenmayer D. Musgrave W, Stafford Smith M. and Werner P. (2009) Australia’s Biodiversity and Climate Change. CSIRO Publishing, Canberra

 

 

Address

Building E8B 276

Department of Biological Sciences

Macquarie University

North Ryde

NSW 2109

 

 

 

Photo by Sabine Nooten

 

Photo by Sabine Nooten

 

Photo by Abigail Cabrelli

 

What a lovely sidebar!

It surely is nice!

 

What a lovely sidebar!

It surely is nice!